TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS FOR BURNING OF THE DEPRESSED IONIZED GAS FUEL IN THE ELECTRIC FIELD

  • Sergey Aleksandrovich Romanchikov General A.V. Khrulev Military Academy for Material Logistics
Keywords: gas fuel, ionization, electric field, Coulomb forces, electroconvection, convection heat transfer

Abstract

To improve the efficiency of gas equipment, the author proposes a technical solution for the device for forcing ionization of gas fuel. The principle of its operation is based on the use of the method of burning of the depleted ionized gas fuel in the electric field. The proposed method ensures maximum combustion of gas fuel, the reduction of heat losses for air heating, soot formation on the heat exchange surfaces, thermal resistance, as well as the completeness of chemical combustion.

The novelty of technical solution is the creation of the catalytic electric field by means of incorporating an ionizing device into the design of a gas stove that supplies the voltage of 7 kV to the electrodes with the current force of 2...3 mA. The additional electrification of gas fuel ensures the formation of Coulomb forces, intensifies the combustion, and the convection heat exchange increases due to the electroconvection.

The device design provides for the placement of electrodes at a distance of 50 mm from each other. The electrodes are powered from the voltage source (high-voltage transformer, through a rectifier). The fastening of the electrodes is performed using the ring porcelain insulators. Structural changes of the stove provide the increased temperature of the torch and the radiation power both in the visible and infrared range and in the ultraviolet. The additional electrolysis of the fuel mixture and the acceleration of its burning rate are achieved by the ionization.

The experimental studies carried out to determine the characteristics of the processes of gas fuel combustion (isobutane (CH3–CH(CH3)–CH3) – 72 %, butane (CH3–CH2–CH2–CH3) – 22 %, propane (С3Н8) – 6 %) in the electric field of the variable intensity allowed establishing that the constructional solution provides the increase in the temperature of the frying deck by 39 %, heat transfer – by 2 times, the efficiency factor – by 22 %, the reduction of carbon oxides – by 31...36 %, and the gas fuel consumption when cooking – by 26 %.

Author Biography

Sergey Aleksandrovich Romanchikov, General A.V. Khrulev Military Academy for Material Logistics

PhD (Engineering), doctoral candidate

References

Romanchikov S.A. Methodology of assessing the possibilities of field technical equipment and technological equipment of food service. Mezhdunarodnyy nauchno-issledovatelskiy zhurnal, 2017, no. 5, pp. 103–107.

Romanchikov S.A., Fiterer D.V. Ways of improvement of technical means of food service. Aktualnye voprosy sovershenstvovaniya sistemy tekhnicheskogo obespecheniya: sbornik nauchnykh trudov vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Perm’, PVI voysk natsionalnoy gvardii Publ., 2017, pp. 141–148.

Pyankov A.A., Belorozov M.S. Planning and Implementation Problem Issue of the Armed forces of the Russian Federation Technical Support Arrangement within the Scope of State Armament Program and Solution Approaches. Vooruzhenie i ekonomika, 2016, no. 4, pp. 57–69.

Pyankov A.A. Main problems of planning and management of development of system of arms in the conditions of modern system of technical providing armed forces. Vooruzhenie i ekonomika, 2015, no. 1, pp. 23–34.

Amosova M.A., Antufev V.T., Gromtsev S.A., Purmal M.Ya. Methods and methods for improving the characteristics of gas catering equipment. Protsessy i apparaty pishchevykh proizvodstv, 2009, no. 1, pp. 12–22.

Gromtsev S.A., Antufev V.T. Methods of field-based increase in the efficiency of food industry heat apparatuses. Vestnik Mezhdunarodnoy akademii kholoda, 2010, no. 4, pp. 27–29.

Gromtsev S.A., Kambarov A.O. Sposob vepolnogo regulirovaniya protsessov goreniya i teplootdachi v teplovykh ustanovkakh i ustroystvo dlya ego osushchestvleniya [Method of field control of combustion processes and heat transfer in thermal installations and device for its implementation], patent RF no. 5036130, 1993.

Tretyakov P.K., Tupikin A.V., Zudov V.N. Effect of laser radiation and electric field on combustion of hydrocarbon-air mixtures. Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, 2009, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 413–420.

Rykhtikov V.S., Romanchikov S.A. On the need for compliance with safety measures when using household gas cylinders. Aktualnye problemy tekhnicheskikh nauk v Rossii i za rubezhom: sbornik statey Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Ufa, Aeterna Publ., 2015, pp. 52–56.

Makarov A.N. Teoriya i praktika teploobmena v elektrodugovykh i fakelnykh pechakh, topkakh, kamerakh sgoraniya. Osnovy teorii teploobmena izlucheniem v pechakh i topkakh [Theory and practice of heat exchange in electric arc and flare furnaces, furnaces, combustion chambers. Fundamentals of the theory of heat exchange by radiation in furnaces and furnaces]. Tver’, TGTU Publ., 2007. Ch. 1, 184 p.

Dudyshev V.D. New electro-fire technology – an effective method for solving environmental and energy problems. Ekologiya i promyshlennost Rossii, 1997, no. 3, pp. 23–28.

Katsevich L.S. Teoriya teploperedachi i teplovye raschety elektricheskikh pechey [The theory of heat transfer and thermal calculations of electric furnaces]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1977. 304 p.

Dudyshev V.D. Sposob intensifikatsii peredachi energii pri teploobmene [The method of intensification of energy transfer during heat transfer], patent RF no. 2157893, 2000.

Purmal M.Ya. On the intensification of the combustion of a kerosene torch by the imposition of an electric field. Izvestiya vuzov. Energetika, 1981, no. 8, pp. 110–112.

Nevskiy A.S. Luchistyy teploobmen v pechakh i topkakh [Radiant heat transfer in furnaces and furnaces]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1997. 440 p.

Klyuchnikov A.D., Ivantsov G.P. Teploperedacha izlucheniem v ognetekhnicheskikh ustanovkakh [Heat transfer by radiation in fire installations]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1970. 400 p.

Gromtsev S.A., Purmal M.Ya. Sposob regulirovaniya teplootdachi v kanalnom gazokhode teplovoy ustanovki i ustroystvo dlya ego osushchestvleniya [Method of controlling heat transfer in a duct gas duct of a thermal installation and device for its implementation], patent RF no. 2059159, 1996.

Dudyshev V.D. New Electroflame Technology of Environmentally Clean Combustion. Novaya energetika, 2003, no. 1, pp. 45–48.

New electro-fire technology of environmentally friendly combustion. Zaryad proekt: energiya budushchego. URL: zaryad.com/2011/04/15/novaya-elektroognevaya-tehnologiya-ekologicheski-chistogo-goreniya/.

Akt ispytaniy: protokol № 18 [Test report: protocol number 18]. Sankt Petersburg, ITMO Publ., 2014. 4 p.

Published
2018-12-24
Section
Technical Sciences