THE CORRELATION BETWEEN SELF-EFFICACY AND LIFE POSITION OF YOUNG PEOPLE
Keywords:self-efficacy, life position, harmony, consciousness, activity, life path, self-determination
The paper presents the analysis of the results of an experimental study of the correlation between self-efficacy indicators and parameters of an individual life position conducted among the students of Orenburg State Pedagogical University. The psychodiagnostic complex was composed based on the following standardized methods: “Self-efficacy scale” (R. Schwarzer, M. Jerusalem, adaptation of V. Romek), “Questionnaire of an individual’s position in life (IPL)” (D.A. Leontiev, A.E. Shilmanskaya). In the course of the experimental study, the level of youth’s self-efficacy was assessed, as well as the attitude to their own life through the severity of the parameters of harmony, consciousness (awareness), and activity. Checking the correlation between the stated parameters based on the Pearson contingent coefficient revealed a relation between the parameters of self-efficacy and harmony, as well as between self-efficacy and consciousness (p≤0.01), while the relation with activity was not statically confirmed. The Pearson-Chuprov coefficient of contingency made it possible to establish the presence of a strong connection between the indicated parameters. The analysis of the results of the study revealed the following: a subjective assessment of personal effectiveness is a psychological prerequisite allowing determining the space and scale of life self-determination of an individual; it is an important prerequisite for choosing a reference point for life prospects and transformations. Reducing the indicators of a subjective assessment of the young people's potential and resources acts as a limiting cognitive attitude that blocks the possibility of choosing an authentic and significant direction for a person to develop and implement their life plans. These conditions lay the groundwork for building a simplified, stereotyped subjective image of the future, devoid of resources to effectively overcome the daily challenges of modern times. A peculiar psychological result of this is a sense of subjective distress, disharmony between the individual and the surrounding environment.
Bandura A. Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change. Psychological Review, 1977, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 191–215.
Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, Freeman Publ., 1997. 604 p.
Kaprara Dzh.V. Psikhologiya lichnosti [Psychology of Personality]. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2003. 640 p.
Loshchakova A.B. About the content and a ratio of “personal efficiency” and “self-efficiency” concepts in psychological science. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A.S. Pushkina, 2015, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 54–63.
Nikitskaya M.G., Tolstykh N.N. Foreign studies of academic motivation: the XXI century. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya, 2018, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 100–113.
Zimmerman B.J. Self-efficacy and educational development. Self-efficacy in changing societies. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press Publ., 1995, pp. 202–231.
Sobkin V.S., Fomichenko A.S. Teachers’ self-efficacy and pupils’ educational activity (according to foreign publications). Chelovek i obrazovanie, 2017, no. 4, pp. 176–183.
Artemova N.Yu., Vlasov A.V. Modern technologies and self-efficiency: for-mation of professional success in modern conditions. Kreativnaya ekonomika, 2018, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1429–1440.
Stajkovic A.D., Luthans F. Self-efficacy and work-related performance: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 1998, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 240–261.
Rogov E.S. Self-efficiency as the factor of professionalizing of students of a humanities bent. Izvestiya Yuzhnogo federalnogo universiteta. Pedagogicheskie nauki, 2016, no. 8, pp. 71–78.
Polivanova K.N. Parenting and Parenthood as Research Domains. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. www.psyedu.ru, 2015, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1–11.
Dunaeva O.N. Gender Resource of Society: Marriage and Parenthood. Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Sotsialno-ekonomicheskie i pravovye issledovaniya, 2016, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 38–49.
Erzin A.I., Epanchintseva G.A. Self-efficacy, proactivity and resilience in learning (influence on academic interests and students’ achievements). Sovremennoe obrazovanie, 2016, no. 2, pp. 65–83.
Umanskaya I.A., Golubev V.V. Self-efficacy and coping behaviour of students during their studies at a university. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsiokinetika, 2020, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 118–123.
Graur M.V. Academic adaptation research as complex open system. Pedagogika i psikhologiya obrazovaniya, 2017, no. 2, pp. 34–40.
Ignatova V.V., Pasechkina T.N. The development of students self-efficacy. Problem analysis. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya, 2017, no. 55-10, pp. 46–52.
Polivanova K.N., Vopilova I.E., Kozmina Ya.Ya., Nisskaya A.K., Sivak E.V. The Concept of Self-Efficacy as a Methodological Basis for Parent Education Programs. Voprosy obrazovaniya, 2015, no. 4, pp. 184–200.
Jerusalem M., Schwarzer R. Self-efficacy as a resource factor in stress appraisal processes. Self-efficacy: Thought control of action. Washington, Hemisphere Publ., 1992, pp. 195–213.
Shvartser R., Jerusalem M., Romek V. The Russian version of self-efficacy scale of R. Schwarzer andМ. Jerusalem. Inostrannaya psikhologiya, 1996, no. 7, pp. 71–76.
Leontev D.A., Shilmanskaya A.E. Personal life position: making theoretical notions operational. Voprosy psikhologii, 2019, no. 1, pp. 90–100.