ORIENTATION AND SPECIFICITY OF TIME TRANSSPECTIVE IN VIEW OF INTENSITY OF CRISIS EXPERIENCES IN ADOLESCENCE
The orientation of the time transspective characterizes the attitude towards oneself in time and is associated with the experience of a crisis. The attitude towards time acts as one of the elements of the Self-concept of a personality. For young people, the acquisition of professional and personal identity of development in the process of living successive phases is the age-related tasks. The study shows that each phase of the identity crisis is characterized by a certain time orientation. The authors tested the hypothesis of change in the intensity of experiences and the orientation of the time transspective at the beginning, the crisis apogee, and the phase of recovery from the crisis. For the pre-critical stage of the crisis of a personality, the low intensity of experiences is characteristic, and for the critical stage – high intensity. Due to different identity statuses and different intensity of experiences (high and low), a certain time orientation will be characteristic in a crisis.
The study involved 222 first-year students from Novosibirsk. The average age of the study participants was 18.3±1.1 years, including 56 boys and 166 girls. The results of the study show that students with a high intensity of crisis experiences are significantly more likely to focus on the negative past, fatalistic present, and hedonistic present. The respondents with low intensity of crisis experiences are more likely to focus on the future. It is worth noting that the focus on the future is not always a positive aspect when living through a crisis. Thus, orientation to the future may indicate the formation of a predetermined identity, that is, the acceptance of identity without going through all the stages of the crisis. As the crisis of adolescence is a normative phenomenon, its untimely experiencing may lead to the situation when a person should solve tasks not implemented during the adolescence period at a later age.
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