ORIENTATION AND SPECIFICITY OF TIME TRANSSPECTIVE IN VIEW OF INTENSITY OF CRISIS EXPERIENCES IN ADOLESCENCE
Keywords:time transspective, orientation of time transsperspective, of time transspective, crisis experiences, intensity of crisis experiences, adolescence
The orientation of the time transspective characterizes the attitude towards oneself in time and is associated with the experience of a crisis. The attitude towards time acts as one of the elements of the Self-concept of a personality. For young people, the acquisition of professional and personal identity of development in the process of living successive phases is the age-related tasks. The study shows that each phase of the identity crisis is characterized by a certain time orientation. The authors tested the hypothesis of change in the intensity of experiences and the orientation of the time transspective at the beginning, the crisis apogee, and the phase of recovery from the crisis. For the pre-critical stage of the crisis of a personality, the low intensity of experiences is characteristic, and for the critical stage – high intensity. Due to different identity statuses and different intensity of experiences (high and low), a certain time orientation will be characteristic in a crisis.
The study involved 222 first-year students from Novosibirsk. The average age of the study participants was 18.3±1.1 years, including 56 boys and 166 girls. The results of the study show that students with a high intensity of crisis experiences are significantly more likely to focus on the negative past, fatalistic present, and hedonistic present. The respondents with low intensity of crisis experiences are more likely to focus on the future. It is worth noting that the focus on the future is not always a positive aspect when living through a crisis. Thus, orientation to the future may indicate the formation of a predetermined identity, that is, the acceptance of identity without going through all the stages of the crisis. As the crisis of adolescence is a normative phenomenon, its untimely experiencing may lead to the situation when a person should solve tasks not implemented during the adolescence period at a later age.
Erikson E. Identichnost: yunost i krizis [Identity: Youth and crisis]. Moscow, Flinta Publ., 2006. 341 p.
Marcia J.E. The Ego Identity Status Approach to Ego Identity. Ego Identity. New York, Springer-Verlag Publ., 1993, pp. 3–21.
Soldatova E.L. Struktura i dinamika normativnogo krizisa perekhoda k vzroslosti [Structure and dynamics of the regulatory crisis of transition to adulthood]. Chelyabinsk, YuUrGU Publ., 2007. 267 p.
Molyarova A.P. Comparative characteristics of adaptive resources and time perspective in future doctors and psychologists. Mezhdunarodnyy studencheskiy nauchnyy vestnik, 2017, no. 2, pp. 1–6.
Kovalev V.I. Special aspects of personality lifetime. Gumanisticheskie problemy psikhologicheskoy teorii. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1995, pp. 179–184.
Vedeneeva E.V., Zabelina E.V. Model of psychological time of the personality included in globalization process (the study of students). Nauchno-pedagogicheskoe obozrenie, 2019, no. 5, pp. 166–177.
Trofimova E.L., Geranyushkina G.P., Malakhaeva S.K. Features of the time perspective in adolescents with health disabilities. Baikal research journal, 2019, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 6–16.
Manukyan V.R. Normative crises in adult development. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Seriya 12: Psikhologiya. Sotsiologiya. Pedagogika, 2010, no. 1, pp. 39–45.
Manukyan V.R. Psychological content and genesis factors of professional development crisis among students of higher education institutions. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie, 2011, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 109–117.
Ralnikova I.A. Prospects of life of first-year students. Tendentsii razvitiya nauki i obrazovaniya, 2018, no. 34-2, pp. 33–37.
Belogay K.N., Morozova I.S., Medovikova E.A., Sakharchuk N.Yu., Tupikina G.G. Peculiarities of individual temporal perspectives of university students with various levels of self-regulation at different stages of university education. Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, 2018, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 57–72.
Yanitskiy M.S., Seryy A.V., Braun O.A., Balabashchuk R.O. Value and Semantic Orientation and Socio-Cultural Determinants of Student Youth’s Image of Their Own Future. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Psikhologiya, 2019, vol. 30, pp. 92–103.
Battegay R. Das Ich - Abwehrmechanismen und Coping. Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychoanalyse, 1989, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 220–240.
Zaytseva Yu.E. Time of meaning: narrative modus of time perspective. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Psikhologiya i pedagogika, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 16–33.
Zakharova A.Yu., Trusova A.V. Time perspective in patients with affective disorders: review of scientific research. Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Psikhologiya i pedagogika, 2019, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 435–450.
Bukharina A.Yu., Tolstykh N.N. Time Perspective and Temporal Competence as Factors of Learning Motivation. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya, 2019, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 36–48.
Syrtsova A., Sokolova E.T., Mitina O.V. The method of time perspective by F. Zimbardo. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika, 2007, no. 1, pp. 85–106.
Panteleeva V.V., Kupriyanov S.N. Correlation of time perspective with a level of personal and situational anxiety of the person. Nauchen Vektor na Balkanite, 2019, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63–65.
Shipovskaya V.V., Guseynov A.Sh. Temporal aspects of subjective personal activity. Kazanskiy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 2019, no. 2, pp. 175–180.
Bolotova A.K., Khachaturova M.R. The person and the time: choosing coping behaviours. Kulturno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya, 2012, no. 1, pp. 69–76.
Gut Yu.N., Kabardov M.K. Features of the time perspective of personality at the stage of professional self-determination. Nauchnyy rezultat. Pedagogika i psikhologiya obrazovaniya, 2019, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 85–97.