PECULIARITIES OF VALUE SYSTEM AND THE STRUCTURE OF VIABILITY OF A PERSONALITY OF YOUNG PEOPLE WHO ARE PRONE TO SELF-INJURIOUS AND SELF-DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
The study focuses on identifying the peculiarities of the value system and system of the components of the viability of the personality of a young person who is prone to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior. From the perspective of the dispositional concept of an individual, the authors assume the relationship between the value system and the viability of a personality as the components of a holistic hierarchical structure of personality, as the factors related to the level of the propensity for self-injurious and self-destructive behavior among young people. To empirically verify this hypothesis, the authors studied the value systems and the structure of the viability of a young person. The study was carried out in Dimitrovgrad Engineering and Technology Institute – the branch of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute). The sample consisted of 90 students aged 18 to 20 years. The authors used the following techniques: S. Maddi’s Viability test, A.N. Orel’s scales of diagnostics of the propensity to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior, and Sh. Shwarts’ axiological questionnaire. The authors interpreted the results of the empirical study using statistical criterion, which allowed identifying significant differences in the groups of young people who are not prone and prone to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior. The results of the study allowed concluding that individuals, who had a low level of the propensity for self-destructive and self-injurious behavior, were more likely to focus on achieving social success, social power, and sociality. The study showed that viability and the system of personal values can be considered as the factors of successful adaptation promoting the strengthening of personal adaptive potential in various life situations.
Sycheva N.B. Types of self-destructive behavior of students. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii, 2018, no. 3, pp. 66–72.
Chueva E.N. Self-damaging behaviour of children and teenagers. Vestnik KRAUNTs. Gumanitarnye nauki, 2017, no. 1, pp. 71–77.
Polskaya N.A. Models of correction and prevention of self-injurious behavior. Konsultativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya, 2016, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 110–125.
Alimova M.A. Suitsidalnoe povedenie podrostkov: diagnostika, profilaktika, korrektsiya [Suicide behavior: diagnostics, prevention, correction]. Barnaul, BGU Publ., 2014. 100 p.
Syrokvashina K.V., Dozortseva E.G. Psychological factors of risk of suicidal behavior in adolescents. Konsultativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya, 2016, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 8–24.
Raznadezhina L.A., Bezdolnaya L.A., eds. Profilaktika suitsida sredi nesovershennoletnikh [Preventing suicide among adolescents]. Surgut, Metodicheskiy tsentr razvitiya sotsialnogo obsluzhivaniya Publ., 2012. 130 p.
Preventing suicide: a global imperative. Geneva, World Health Organization Publ., 2014. 98 p.
Zaytseva I.A. Value orientations of young people in a small town of the value priorities of contemporary society. Molodezh i molodezhnaya politika: novye smysly i praktiki. Moscow, Ekon-Inform Publ., 2019. Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 165–171.
Ovakimyan G.P. Social moral crisis and national value orientations. Aktualnye problemy gumanitarnykh i estestvennykh nauk, 2016, no. 11-3, pp. 57–63.
Chernikova E.G., Ptashko T.G., Roslyakova S.V. Value orientations of modern urban adolescents. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2019, no. 1, pp. 333–337.
Pankova Yu.O. Values education orientation on health in the family. Volzhskiy vestnik nauki, 2016, no. 2, pp. 26–28.
Zakrevskaya O.V. Features of senior adolescents values orientations. Sistema tsennostey sovremennogo obshchestva, 2013, no. 29, pp. 103–109.
Kudinov S.I., Kudinov S.S., Kudinova I.B., Belousova S.S. The axiological orientation of students’ personalities. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 2018, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 95–105.
Yadov V.A. Samoregulyatsiya i prognozirovanie sotsialnogo povedeniya lichnosti: dispozitsionnaya kontseptsiya [Self-regulation and prediction of social behavior of personality: dispositional conception]. Moscow, TsSPiM Publ., 2013. 376 p.
Maddi S., Khoshaba D., Persico M., Lu J., Harvey R., Bleecker F. The Personality Construct of Hardiness: Relationships with Comprehensive Tests of Personality and Psychopathology. Journal of Research in Personality, 2002, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 72–85.
Lobza O.V. Viability as a component of psychological security of personality. Vestnik Prikamskogo sotsialnogo institute, 2019, no. 2, pp. 75–79.
Oshchepkov A.A., Piskunova E.N., Salakhova V.B. Features of personality hardiness of youth prone to suicide behavior. Simbirskiy nauchnyy vestnik, 2019, no. 3, pp. 37–44.
Merino-Tejedor E., Hontangas-Beltrán P.M., Boada-Grau J., Lucas-Mangas S. Hardiness as a moderator variable between the Big-Five Model and work effort. Personality and Individual Differences, 2015, vol. 85, pp. 105–110.
Alipour Hamze Kandi N, Zeinali A. Relationship between Personality Characteristics, Internal Locus of Control, Psychological Hardiness and Nurses’ Quality of Life. Journal of research development in nursing and midwifery, 2017, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 8–15.
Salim J., Wadey R., Diss C. Examining the relationship between hardiness and perceived stress-related growth in a sport injury context. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2015, vol. 19, pp. 10–17.
Leontev D.A., Rasskazova E.I. Test zhiznestoykosti [Test of hardiness]. Moscow, Smysl Publ., 2006. 23 p.
Shapar V.B. Prakticheskaya psikhologiya. Psikhodiagnostika grupp i kollektivov [Practical psychology. Psycho-diagnostics of groups and collectives]. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2006. 448 p.
Karandashev V.N. Metodika Shvartsa dlya izucheniya tsennostey lichnosti: kontseptsiya i metodicheskoe rukovodstvo [Technique of S. Schwarz of personal values study: conception and methodical guide]. Sankt Petersburg, Rech Publ., 2004. 70 p.