PECULIARITIES OF VALUE SYSTEM AND THE STRUCTURE OF VIABILITY OF A PERSONALITY OF YOUNG PEOPLE WHO ARE PRONE TO SELF-INJURIOUS AND SELF-DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR

  • Aleksey A. Oshchepkov Dimitrovgrad Engineering and Technology Institute – the branch of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)
  • Vladimir V. Friauf Dimitrovgrad Engineering and Technology Institute – the branch of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)
Keywords: self-injurious and self-destructive behavior, value system, attitudes, personality viability, suicide prevention, youth

Abstract

The study focuses on identifying the peculiarities of the value system and system of the components of the viability of the personality of a young person who is prone to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior. From the perspective of the dispositional concept of an individual, the authors assume the relationship between the value system and the viability of a personality as the components of a holistic hierarchical structure of personality, as the factors related to the level of the propensity for self-injurious and self-destructive behavior among young people. To empirically verify this hypothesis, the authors studied the value systems and the structure of the viability of a young person. The study was carried out in Dimitrovgrad Engineering and Technology Institute – the branch of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute). The sample consisted of 90 students aged 18 to 20 years. The authors used the following techniques: S. Maddi’s Viability test, A.N. Orel’s scales of diagnostics of the propensity to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior, and Sh. Shwarts’ axiological questionnaire. The authors interpreted the results of the empirical study using statistical criterion, which allowed identifying significant differences in the groups of young people who are not prone and prone to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior. The results of the study allowed concluding that individuals, who had a low level of the propensity for self-destructive and self-injurious behavior, were more likely to focus on achieving social success, social power, and sociality. The study showed that viability and the system of personal values ​​can be considered as the factors of successful adaptation promoting the strengthening of personal adaptive potential in various life situations.

Author Biographies

Aleksey A. Oshchepkov, Dimitrovgrad Engineering and Technology Institute – the branch of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)

PhD (Psychology), associate professor, assistant professor of Chair of Philosophy, Law, Humanities and Social Sciences

Vladimir V. Friauf, Dimitrovgrad Engineering and Technology Institute – the branch of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)

postgraduate student

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Published
2020-03-26
Section
Psychological Sciences