PROFESSION-ORIENTED LEXICAL MINIMUMS FOR FOREIGN MILITARY STUDENTS

  • Mariya Semenistaya Mikhailovskaya Military Artillery Academy
Keywords: profession-oriented lexical minimum, Russian language for special purposes, military vocabulary, foreign military students, levels of Russian as a foreign language, principles of vocabulary selection, pre-university training

Abstract

The paper covers the issues of the formation of profession-oriented lexical minimums of elementary, basic, and first certified levels for foreign military-artillerymen. The analysis of the scientific, educational, and reference literature on the Russian as a foreign language allows speaking about the absence of lexical minimums for foreign officers and cadets. This fact causes the relevance of the study. The absence of a contemporary standard training program for foreign servicemen in the preparatory course, as well as the lack of instructions in the guiding documents, dictate the necessity to describe the basic principles and criteria for the selection of lexical material, as well as its distribution among the levels of the Russian language proficiency. 

The author formed the representative groups of texts on a specialty, the sources of which were combat manuals, tutorials on tactics, shooting, weapon ordnance, military dictionaries, and encyclopedias. To select a primary glossary, the author treated the selected texts using the program of counting the total quantity of words and sorting them. To form and structure the final vocabulary, the author identified and described basic principles of military vocabulary selection: the application frequency, the importance of the concept expressed by a word, the thematic attribution of a word, the communicative value, and the paradigmatic, syntagmatic, and word-forming relations between words. Based on the guideline documents analysis and the method of expert evaluation, the author determined the quantitative composition of the minimums of elementary, basic, and first certificate levels.

The novelty of the paper is to determine the principles of selection and the number of lexical units included in the profession-oriented lexical minimums for foreign military-artillerymen.

Author Biography

Mariya Semenistaya, Mikhailovskaya Military Artillery Academy

senior lecturer of Chair of Russian Language

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Published
2019-12-27
Section
Pedagogical Sciences