THE PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY OF A PSYCHOLOGIST AS A STRUCTURAL-PERSONAL NEOFORMATION
The professional identity of a psychologist is formed in the situation of constant changes of the educational standards and in the context of the variety of occupational standards and psychological associations that specify different requirements regarding necessary knowledge and competencies.
The paper presents the results of the theoretical and empirical study of the professional identity of practicing psychologists and students of the bachelor’s degrees in Psychology and Clinical Psychology. The aim of the work is the study of the professional identity of a psychologist as a structural-personal neoformation containing self-concept, the concept of personal and professional qualities and competencies. The main methodological approach to the research is the structural-genetic theory of L.S. Vygotsky and his key term of neoformation.
The author used the semi-structured interviews as the method of getting empirical data and carried out 44 interviews: 27 interviews with the students of bachelor’s degrees in Psychology and Clinical Psychology of universities of Volgograd and 17 interviews with practicing psychologists. The respondents answered several questions about the activity of a psychologist, the qualities and abilities necessary to work as a practicing psychologist. The interview questions concerned as well the readiness of psychologists to start their career and to develop it as a part of their professional activity. The author processed texts using the method of data qualitative analysis (network analysis) when the answers are distributed according to the topics and then grouped regarding their generalization level.
The empirical research shows that the identity of psychologists as their self-concept, the concept of their personal and professional qualities and competencies depends largely on the experience of professional activity. Formed professional identity allows seeing the prospects and opportunities of career development. The existence of clear concepts of the future, the desired career of a psychologist turned out to be closely related to the satisfaction with the profession. The data obtained confirm the practical significance of the study: modern education system needs the creation of additional conditions for the successful formation of the professional identity of a psychologist.
Erikson E. Identichnost: yunost i krizis [Identity: youth and crisis]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1996. 334 p.
Korobova S.Yu., Gryazeva-Dobshinskaya V.G., Askerova A.T. Features of identification with the characters of the cult film in the context of the social identity of the audience. Psikhologiya, 2018, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 24–31.
Vigel N.L. People and challenges of globalization. Servis Plus, 2016, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 84–88.
Lodi-Smith J., Spain S.M., Cologgi K., Roberts B.W. Development of identity clarity and content in adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2017, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 755–768.
Ozerina A.A. Research of professional identity of bachelor students. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, 2012, no. 1, pp. 115–119.
Kuzmin Yu.M. Dynamics of identity components relations and its status among students. Sibirskiy Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 2018, no. 69, pp. 69–84.
Shneyder L.B. The Man and the job: the radius of professionalism. Aktualnye problemy psikhologii truda, inzhenernoy psikhologii i ergonomiki. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2015. Vyp. 7, pp. 23–38.
Gornova G.V. Structure of urban identity. Vestnik Omskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye issledovaniya, 2018, no. 3, pp. 14–16.
Sar V. Parallel-distinct structures of internal world and external reality: disavowing and re-claiming the self-identity in the aftermath of trauma-generated dissociation. Frontiers in psychology, 2017, vol. 8, article number 216.
Vygotskiy L.S. Sobranie sochineniy. Detskaya psikhologiya [Collected works. Child psychology]. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1984. Vol. 4, 432 p.
Zakovorotnaya M.V. Professional identity as a key aspect of modern social identity. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 1: Regionovedenie: filosofiya, istoriya, sotsiologiya, pravo, politologiya, kulturologiya, 2014, no. 3, pp. 13–22.
Willetts G., Clarke D. Constructing theory’ professional identity through social identity theory. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2014, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 164–169.
Melnikova O.T., Kutkova E.S. Discursive approach to identity research. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14: Psikhologiya, 2014, no. 1, pp. 59–71.
Brady‐Amoon P., Keefe-Cooperman K. Psychology, counseling psychology, and professional counseling: Shared roots, challenges, and opportunities. The European journal of counseling psychology, 2017, no. 2, pp. 40–62.
Hamilton N. Professional-Identity/Professional-Formation/Professionalism Learning Outcomes: What Can We Learn About Assessment from Medical Education. University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 2018, vol. 14, pp. 357–411.
Ermolaeva E.P. Professional marginalism: conception and reality. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 2001, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 51–59.
Mazur E.Yu. Features of professional identity of young prosecutors. Mir nauki, kultury, obrazovaniya, 2017, no. 6, pp. 401–405.
Grimes M.G., Gehman J., Cao K. Positively deviant: Identity work through B Corporation certification. Journal of Business Venturing, 2018, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 130–148.
Brouard F., Bujaki M., Durocher S., Neilson L.C. Professional accountants’ identity formation: An integrative framework. Journal of Business Ethics, 2017, vol. 142, no. 2, pp. 225–238.
Kyratsis Y., Atun R., Phillips N., Tracey P., George G. Health systems in transition: Professional identity work in the context of shifting institutional logics. Academy of Management Journal, 2017, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 610–641.
Evteshina N.V. Theoretical and methodological aspects of social psychologists' professional identity: the structure and methods of research. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskiy poisk, 2014, no. 1, pp. 66–75.
Brownell S.E., Tanner K.D. Barriers to faculty pedagogical change: lack of training, time, incentives, and... tensions with professional identity? CBE-Life Sciences Education, 2012, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 339–346.
Povarenkov Yu.P. Psychological characteristics of professional identity of the subject of work. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsiokinetika, 2014, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 9–16.
Chreim S., Williams B.E., Hinings C.R. Interlevel influences on the reconstruction of professional role identity. Academy of Management Journal, 2007, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 1515–1539.
Talen M.R., Fraser J.S., Cauley K. Training Primary Care Psychologists: A Model for Predoctoral Programs. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 2005, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 136–143.