REGIONAL PECULIARITIES OF HELPING BEHAVIOR (BASED ON STUDENTS EXAMPLES)

  • Margarita Konstantinovna Akimova Russian State University for the Humanities
  • Svetlana Vladimirovna Persiyantseva Russian State University for the Humanities
Keywords: helping behavior, rate of reciprocity, social responsibility rate, public and anonymous types of help, situation of helping, charity

Abstract

The paper examines the types of helping behavior in a number of categories, such as external conditions and social norms. The types of dependence on motivation for different social norms are specified: the norm of reciprocity, the norm of social responsibility. The hypothesis of scientific work is the assumption that there are regional differences in people’s behavior when it comes to the situation of helping someone (man, animal). The paper examines the attitude of students living in different regions to providing assistance immediately when they meet with those in need, their attitude to charity, participation in charity events, and the desire to provide assistance anonymously. 236 students from Moscow, Kaluga and Orekhovo-Zuyevo took part in our empirical study. The age range of students varied from 18 to 27 years (M=19.59; SD=1.34).

The aim of the study was to compare the severity of assistance types (public, anonymous) rendered by the students of metropolitan and regional universities. The public type is represented through assistance to certain people or animals that an individual meets in various situations. This kind of help is the help in situations of immediate – “eye to eye” – interaction. There are often witnesses in such situations. The anonymous type includes situations of charity, that is, impersonal assistance to unknown people with whom the individual does not meet directly and knows nothing about them, except that they need help. Often this assistance is rendered through charitable foundations. The findings of the study indicate the differences in helping behavior among students of three regions – a big urban center, a regional city, and a small town.

Author Biographies

Margarita Konstantinovna Akimova, Russian State University for the Humanities

Doctor of Sciences (Psychology), Professor, Head of Chair of General Psychology and Psychodiagnostics of L.S. Vygotsky Institute of Psychology

Svetlana Vladimirovna Persiyantseva, Russian State University for the Humanities

PhD (Psychology), assistant professor of Chair of General Psychology and Psychodiagnostics of L.S. Vygotsky Institute of Psychology, academic secretary

References

Shamionov R.M., Grigoreva M.V. Psikhologiya sotsialnoy aktivnosti molodezhi: problemy i riski [Psychology of social activity of youth: problems and risks]. Saratov, Saratovskiy un-t Publ., 2012. 384 p.

Korsini R., Auerbakh A., eds. Psikhologicheskaya entsiklopediya [Psychological Encyclopedia]. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2006. 1096 p.

Schwartz S.H., Howard J. A normative decision making model of altruism. Altruism and helping behavior. Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Publ., 1981, pp. 189–211.

Gurevich K.M. Differentsialnaya psikhologiya i psikhodiagnostika [Differential psychology and psychodiagnostics]. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2008. 336 p.

Akimova M.K., Gorbacheva E.I., Kozlova V.T. The normative concept of diagnosis of individuality. Vek psikhologii. K 100-letiyu Psikhologicheskogo instituta Rossiyskoy akademii obrazovaniya: sbornik statey. Sankt Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriya Publ., 2012, pp. 630–654.

Gorbacheva E.I. Normative acceptance as the basis for the variability of social interaction practices among students. Lichnostnyy resurs subekta truda v izmenyayushcheysya Rossii: materialy V mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Ivanovo, Nauchnyy mir Publ., 2018, pp. 66–72.

Khekkhauzen Kh. Motivatsiya i deyatelnost [Motivation and activity]. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2003. 860 p.

Kovaleva Yu.V. Motives of helping behavior and their relationship with the self-attitude personality. Sovremennye issledovaniya sotsialnykh problem, 2012, no. 12, pp. 18–20.

Galstyan O.A. The moral regulators of social activity of student youth. Vestnik Gosudarstvennogo gumanitarno-tekhnologicheskogo universiteta, 2018, no. 2, pp. 52–58.

Mayers D. Sotsialnaya psikhologiya [Social psychology]. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2000. 277 p.

Berkowitz L.D., Harmon-Jones E. Toward an understanding of the determinants of anger. Emotion, 2004, vol. 4, pp. 107–130.

Gorbacheva E.I. Selectivity in the implementation of social interaction practices among students depending on their level of intellectual development. Lichnost v prostranstve i vremeni, 2018, no. 7, pp. 46–52.

Berkovich L. Agressiya: prichiny, posledstvie, kontrol [Aggression: causes, consequence, control]. Sankt Petersburg, Praym-Evroznak Publ., 2001. 521 p.

Muzdybaev K. Psikhologiya otvetstvennosti [Psychology of responsibility]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1983. 240 p.

Muzdybaev K. Strategies of Coping with Life Difficulties: Integrative Analysis. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii, 1998, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 102–112.

Gorbacheva E.I. Interpretation of moral conflict in different subject contexts of social interactionby students of the University. Lichnost v prostranstve i vremeni, 2017, no. 6, pp. 72–78.

Gorbacheva E.I., Machekhina E.A. Moral competence's displays in interpretation of social interaction's problems with a different subject context. Sotsializatsiya cheloveka v sovremennom mire v interesakh ustoychivogo razvitiya obshchestva: mezhdistsiplinarnyy podkhod: sbornik materialov mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii. Kaluga, KGU im. K.E. Tsiolkovskogo Publ., 2017, pp. 378–386.

Gorbacheva E.I. Individual options for the development of civic identity in young Russians. Gumanitarnye osnovaniya sotsialnogo progressa: Rossiya i sovremennost: sbornik statey. Moscow, Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet dizayna i tekhnologii Publ., 2016, pp. 31–37.

Akimova M.K., Persiyantseva S.V. The influence of subjective assessments of the significance of problem situations on the mechanisms of social interaction. Vestnik RGGU. Seriya: Psikhologiya. Pedagogika. Obrazovanie, 2018, no. 1, pp. 89–98.

Akimova M.K., Persiyantseva S.V. Horizontal and vertical communications of social interaction. Sovremennaya psikhologiya i pedagogika: problemy i resheniya: sbornik statey XIV Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Novosibirsk, Sibirskaya akademicheskaya kniga Publ., 2018, pp. 50–56.

Blumer G. Society as a symbolic interaction. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya sotsialnaya psikhologiya. Moscow, MGU Publ., 1984, pp. 173–179.

Dzhekobs D. Smert i zhizn bolshikh amerikanskikh gorodov [Death and life of large American cities]. Moscow, Novoe izdatelstvo Publ., 2011. 94 p.

Khomans Dzh. Social behavior as an exchange. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya sotsialnaya psikhologiya. Teksty. Moscow, Mosk. un-t Publ., 1984, pp. 82–91.

Park R., Bankovskaya S. The City as a Social Laboratory. Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie, 2002, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 3–12.

Milgram S. Eksperiment v sotsialnoy psikhologii [Experiment in social psychology]. 3rd ed. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2000. 335 p.

Obozov N.N. Psikhologiya mezhlichnostnykh otnosheniy [Psychology of interpersonal relationships]. Kiev, Lybid Publ., 1990. 192 p.

Published
2019-06-26
Section
Psychological Sciences