THE EXPERIENCE OF LONELINESS IN THE ADOLESCENCE LIFE: GENDER AND AGE PECULIARITIES
The paper covers the study of the problem of loneliness in the adolescence life. Loneliness is one of the most significant states experienced by a person and manifested in different ways throughout life. The adolescence is the age when the state of loneliness is appreciated for the first time most acutely because of the widening and updating of social needs: the establishment of the significant interpersonal relations, the accumulation of own social experience, the expansion of friendly contacts, the striving to be known and engaged. The sense of loneliness in the adolescence is a complex social and psychological phenomenon involving various experience types. Negative feelings experienced by teenagers may influence significantly the course of socialization and the formation of a person determining causally social maladaptation. In this connection, the early detection, diagnostics and comparative analysis of the causes of loneliness are very important. The author organized and carried out the empirical study of special aspects of loneliness experience in the adolescence age. As the diagnostic tools, D. Russel’s and M. Ferguson’s technique for diagnostics of the loneliness subjective perception level and J. Young’s “Loneliness Questionnaire” were used. The students of 9th and 11th grades participated in the study. Comparing with the pre-adult age, the author identified and statistically proved the higher level of the subjective experience of the loneliness of the adolescents, determined the degree of intensity of experience of the transient, situational and chronic loneliness. The analysis of gender differences in the subjective experience of the sense of loneliness of boys and girls in the group of adolescents showed the credibility of differences. Thus, the results of the study demonstrated the peculiarity of experiencing loneliness by the adolescents and proved the existence of age and gender differences.
Verbitskaya S.L. From the description of peculiarities of the loneliness perception to its definition. Prikladnaya psikhologiya, 2001, no. 5, pp. 1–9.
Dolginova O.V. The study of loneliness as a psychological phenomenon. Prakticheskaya psikhologiya, 2000, no. 4, pp. 28–36.
Veys R.S. Questions studying loneliness. Labirinty odinochestva. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1989, pp. 114–128.
Pokrovskiy N.E., Ivanchenko G.V. Universum odinochestva: sotsiologicheskie i psikhologicheskie ocherki [Loneliness universe: sociological and psychological essays]. Moscow, Logos Publ., 2008. 424 p.
Puzanova Zh.V. Problema odinochestva: sotsiologicheskiy aspekt izmereniya [The problem of loneliness: sociological aspect of measuring]. Moscow, RUDN Publ., 2008. 189 p.
Yurchenko M.A. Axiological characteristics of loneliness in the context of existentialism ideas of the XX century. Gumanitarnye i sotsialnye nauki, 2007, no. 6, pp. 29–33.
Rubinstayn K., Sheyver F. Loneliness experience. Labirinty odinochestva. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1989, pp. 275–300.
Yung K.G. Problemy dushi nashego vremeni [The problems of the soul of our time]. Sankt Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2017. 336 p.
Fromm E. Begstvo ot svobody [Escape from Freedom]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2017. 288 p.
Afushevich A.R. Experience of loneliness in old age. Smalta, 2016, no. 4, pp. 9–11.
Rogova E.E. Interrelation of loneliness and career orientations of senior pupils. European Social Science Journal, 2016, no. 12-2, pp. 287–294.
Salakhova A.R. The relationship of feelings of loneliness and guilt in children. Teoriya i praktika sovremennoy nauki, 2017, no. 5, pp. 711–714.
Paramonova Yu.A., Lukashenko T.A. The experience of loneliness by adolescents with dirrerent characteristics of self-relationship. Sinergiya nauk, 2017, no. 13, pp. 415–425.
Gorbunova E.S., Yanicheva T.G. The feeling of loneliness in city residents. Nauchnye issledovaniya vypusknikov fakulteta psikhologii SPBGU, 2017, vol. 5, pp. 5–12.
Dubrovina S.V., Klimontova T.A., Chepurko Yu.V. The specificity of subjective experience of loneliness at intellectually gifted teenagers. Uspekhi sovremennoy nauki i obrazovaniya, 2017, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 186–189.
Golub O.V., Tukuzova A.A. The influence of loneliness experience on social fears of teenagers. Poisk (Volgograd), 2018, no. 1, pp. 87–91.
Mishina M.M., Grigoreva S.I., Gubanova A.V. Internet-dependence and loneliness syndrome of young generation. Gumanitarnoe prostranstvo, 2018, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 504–514.
Feldshteyn D.I. Psikhologiya stanovleniya lichnosti [Psychology of the formation of personality]. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnaya pedagogicheskaya akademiya Publ., 1994. 190 p.
Feldshteyn D.I. Foreground directions of psychological and pedagogical research in the conditions of significant changes of a child and situations of its development. Mir psikhologii, 2010, no. 2, pp. 206–216.
Raygorodskiy D.Ya. Prakticheskaya psikhodiagnostika. Metodiki i testy [Practical psychodiagnostics. Methods and tests]. Moscow, BakhraKh-M Publ., 2017, 672 p.
Dukhnovskiy S.V. Odinochestvo v mezhlichnostnykh otnosheniyakh: diagnostika i preodolenie [Diagnosing and Coping with Loneliness in Interpersonal Relationships]. Kurgan, KGU Publ., 2007. 180 p.
Yang D.I. Loneliness, depression and cognitive therapy: theory and its application. Labirinty odinochestva. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1989, pp. 552–594.
Petrova I.F. Kultura obshcheniya lichnosti (sotsialno-filosofskie aspekty). Avtoref. dis. kand. filos. nauk [The culture of communication of a person (social and philosophical aspects)]. Ufa, 2003. 19 p.
Shilyaeva I.F. Internet and culture of personal communication. Pedagogicheskiy zhurnal Bashkortostana, 2011, no. 5, pp. 263–273.
Tyumentseva G.A. “Interactive” loneliness. Nauchnyy almanakh, 2014, no. 2, pp. 271–276.