SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE PROSOCIAL FORMS OF YOUTH ACTIVITY
The paper covers the study of the social and psychological factors of the prosocial forms of activity of young people of Saratov and Saratov region. Currently, the formation of prosocial behavior of young people becomes the crucial task in the work with young people and in the activity of youth associations; the role of volunteering grows in modern society. The paper analyzes the approaches to the understanding of social activity as one of the central characteristics of a young person. The author gives the definition to the prosocial activity as a multifactor formation of a person. The paper presents the results of the empirical study of the social and psychological factors of the prosocial forms of activity of youth performed on the proportionally selected samples (N=100, 50 % of the respondents are actively involved in the charitable and volunteering activities, 50 % are not interested in the voluntary socially useful activity, the average age is 21.9). The study identified that the prevailing form of activity of modern youth was the prosocial one. The author identified the significant differences with respect to certain types of social activity: altruistic, leisure, internet-network, educative-developmental, and socio-economic. Special attention is paid to the study of the prosocial behavior types: the compliant, emergency, altruistic, emotional, and public. The high degree of manifestation of the emotional and public types of prosocial behavior is registered in the second group of participants of the study. The study allows making a conclusion about a high level of social and psychological attitudes in the motivational sphere of volunteers with a focus on altruism.
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