PERFECTIONISM AS A FACTOR OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE SYNDROME OF EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS OF A HIGHER SCHOOL
Perfectionism, as one of the characteristics of an individual, expressed in the pursuit of perfection, is an additional risk factor in the development of emotional burnout of the higher school teachers. According to the survey, the majority of university teachers have a neutral or positive attitude to perfectionism, despite the ambiguous nature of this psychological phenomenon, while perfectionism is a characteristic of 30.61 % of respondents. Among the types of perfectionism of the higher school teachers, self-oriented perfectionism, other-oriented perfectionism, and socially prescribed perfectionism are noted. The paper analyzes the characteristics of emotional burnout of the university teachers according to the scales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of professional achievements; identifies the current phases of anxiety, resistance, and exhaustion. To identify the relationships of perfectionism with the emotional burnout, the method of mathematical statistics – Spearman rank correlation coefficient rs was used, which allowed establishing the significant correlations between the self-oriented perfectionism and the symptom of the anxiety stress phase – the experience of psycho-traumatic circumstances; between the other-oriented perfectionism and the symptoms of the resistance phase – inadequate selective emotional response, the expansion of the emotional thriftiness sphere; between the self-oriented perfectionism and the reduction of professional duties; between the socially prescribed perfectionism and the symptoms of the exhaustion phase – the emotional deficiency, emotional detachment; between the self-oriented perfectionism and the symptom of the exhaustion phase – personal detachment. The results show that perfectionism is one of the factors of the emotional burnout development among the higher school teachers and requires further study.
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