THE ACTIVATION OF CREATIVE THINKING OF THE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF TRIZ OF G.S. ALTSHULLER
The demand of our society for innovative development determines the necessity of the appropriate human capital based on a highly educated specialist qualified in innovative activities. Global informatization, continuous updating, and, therefore, the instability of professional knowledge set the task of formation of creative thinking among the students of technical universities during the educational process. The paper shows that the creative process is associated with the selection and solution of problems. The skills to select, to formulate, and to analyze problems, to formulate tasks being a part of the problems and to synthesize their solutions are the skills that the students of engineering learning programs need and can train. This task can be solved using the G.S. Altshuller’s “Algorithm for inventive problem solving”, which is studied within the discipline “The fundamentals of innovative engineering activity” taught at N.P. Ogarev Mordovia State University in the unit “The fundamentals of engineering creativity”. The basis of the method is the algorithmic program for the detailed analysis of the problem with the step-by-step movement to the solution. The paper gives an example of the technique for solving a problem-based situation in the sphere of soil treatment with the electric mill using the ARIZ (algorithm for inventive problem solving) program. A problem is solved through analyzing the initial problem-based situation and identifying its participants, relations between them, the main goal or function, through multiple formulating of the tasks with the identification of the contradictions, through choosing a task for solving, resolving the contradictions and synthesizing the ideas for solving, analyzing the obtained solutions and choosing the best of them. Thus, the example demonstrates that the activation of creative thinking is possible with the help of the complex method — the algorithm for inventive problem solving.
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