THE RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTAL WORK ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SYSTEM OF PREPARATION OF SPECIAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS TO THE ACTIVITIES IN EXTREME SITUATIONS
In the current context, the formation of readiness of the students of universities of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia to work in extreme situations is the key problem of the industry-specific universities as the activity of a fireman supposes permanent action of stress-factors and uncertainty and risk situations. In the framework of this paper, the author analyzed the foreign and Russian sources on the problem under the study and gave the analysis of the concepts of extreme situation and readiness.
The author carried out the experimental work on the evaluation of the results of formedness of readiness of special university cadets to the activity in the extreme situations within the educational process of two universities of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia: Ural Institute of State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia and the Academy of State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia. Motivational-value, cognitive-operational and emotional-volitional criteria served as the criteria of formedness of the desired readiness; the author gave them a brief description.
As a part of the final stage of experimental work, the author identified that the majority of cadets have moved to the effective and advanced levels of formedness of readiness of special university students to the activity in the extreme situations. In one of four experimental groups, all three educational conditions were implemented and the highest expected results were obtained. Cadets became clearly aware of the goals and objectives of military service activities, showed the desire to perform an official duty, they have developed a value-based orientation to the activity of a firefighter, they oriented in the dynamically changing environment associated with the activity in extreme situations.
According to all the criteria, the author identified positive dynamics in the formation of the levels of readiness of special university cadets to work in extreme situations. Further research work in the selected area is related to the implementation of the results of the study to the educational process of other universities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.
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