SPECIAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF THE SYSTEM OF STRATEGIC PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF RUSSIAN ECONOMY
Keywords:agricultural sector, economic planning, program-target approach, strategic planning system, state regulation
The development of the agricultural sector and the entire national economy of Russia at the present stage is determined by the key realities of globalization trends and the mechanism for adapting to them. The current confrontation of the interests of world powers under the influence of sanctions against Russia, which is a new form of global political and economic transformation, requires more active use of tools and mechanisms for state regulation of socio-economic processes, the main of which is the strategic planning. The system of state planning has always been the most important tool for justifying agricultural policy, both at the federal and regional levels, which determines the search for the main trajectory of the economic development of agrarian production sectors. The paper considers the root causes of the protracted systemic crisis in the agricultural sector of the country’s economy. The study revealed that the lack of effective science-based tools of the state management system is becoming the main factor hindering the development of the country’s agrarian production sector. The author identified that in the new Russian reality, state management of the agricultural sector of the economy should be based on its key function – strategic planning. The study justified the necessity of implementing a systematic campaign in planning. The methodological aspects of the development and implementation of program-target planning in the agriculture of Russia allowed identifying the main shortcomings of the contemporary practice of planning and forecasting. The author proved the necessity of developing a strategy for the development of the agro-industrial complex in the new macroeconomic conditions. The developed model of a modern strategic planning system based on the integrated approach, including concepts, forecasts, economic orientation, plans, and programs, excludes the possibility of fragmented planning and forecast management of the agricultural sector of the economy.
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