THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED RISK MANAGEMENT MODEL WITHIN THE CONCEPT OF LEAN PRODUCTION
The process of organizing risk management is difficult for any economic entity. The requirements of the ISO 9001:2015 international standards of the quality management system used in Russia, including for obtaining a certificate of conformity, determine the necessity for risk management and documentation of this process. These standards contain information about the necessity for the application of risk-based thinking; however, more detailed instructions on how to organize a risk management system are unavailable. The purpose of this study is to develop a risk management model by integrating the tools of the lean production methodology. Such integration is necessary to improve decision making by conducting a quantitative analysis at each stage of risk management. The integrated model allows an economic entity to manage risks more effectively not only in the framework of the concept of lean production. To identify potential risks, the authors used the Delphi method. After that, the authors proposed dividing potential risks into risk events and risk causes. Structural modeling is used to reflect the interrelations of risk events. An important aspect is that the risk causes are interconnected with each other and risk events; consequently, during the study, the authors suggested to establish the interdependence between risks. After that, the authors determined the weights of risk events and risk causes to calculate the adjusted risk values. As a result of the study, risks, which emerge when introducing the concept of lean production in an organization, are determined. As a rule, they are risks related to the lack of understanding of the tools of this concept both by top management and the employees. The authors developed an approach to potential risk assessment taking into account the adjustment of integrated potential risk for the weight of each risk type.
Vumek Dzh. Berezhlivoe proizvodstvo: Kak izbavitsya ot poter i dobitsya protsvetaniya vashey kompanii [Lean manufacturing: how to get rid of losses, and how to achieve the prosperity of your company]. 11th ed. Moscow, Alpina Pablisher Publ., 2017. 472 p.
Zhemchugov A.M., Zhemchugov M.K. PDCA Deming cycle. Modern development. Problemy ekonomiki i menedzhmenta, 2016, no. 2, pp. 3–28.
Karpovich A.I., Gorshenin V.F. Problem of lean production in instrument making industry. Vestnik fakulteta upravleniya Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2016, no. 1, pp. 34–38.
Ganebnykh E.V., Fokina O.V. Agile-projects management in lean environment. Liderstvo i menedzhment, 2019, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 201–208.
Melnikov O.N., Larionov V.G., Gankin N.A. The main stages of the innovation development of the organization of production from the standpoint of the dynamics of the use of the principles of lean manufacturing. Voprosy innovatsionnoy ekonomiki, 2016, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 239–258.
Ilina L.A., Borodina O.A., Gagarina M.P. Efficiency of Business Process Management Simulation at the Enterprise of Gas and Oil Producing Complex. Vestnik Samarskogo munitsipalnogo instituta upravleniya, 2017, no. 3, pp. 56–65.
Morozova O.I., Semenikhina A.V., Torgachev D.N. Information technologies as the effective instrument of the choice and implementation of hi-tech projects at the enterprises. Informatsionnye sistemy i tekhnologii, 2019, no. 3, pp. 35–41.
Safonova M., Movchan C. Methodology of risk management of financial and economic activities in the organization. International Accounting, 2013, vol. 29, no. 29, pp. 23–32.
Filin S.A. Risk as an element strategic management in innovation sphere. Upravlenie riskami, 2010, no. 3, pp. 38–51.
Pinskaya M.R. The methodology of risk management state incentives for economic growth: tax aspects. Innovatsionnoe razvitie ekonomiki, 2016, no. 3-1, pp. 111–119.
Skornyakova E.A., Sulaberidze V.Sh., Boreysho A.S., Luginya V.S. Identification and assessment of high-productivity plant production planning process risks. Voprosy radioelektroniki, 2019, no. 4, pp. 108–114.
Kostin K.B., Kozhukhina K.A. Problems of the improvement of risk management in business. Nauchnyy zhurnal NIU ITMO. Seriya: Ekonomika i ekologicheskiy menedzhment, 2019, no. 1, pp. 171–180.
Vagapov T.S. Risk management in organizations. Mezhdunarodnyy zhurnal prikladnykh nauk i tekhnologiy Integral, 2018, no. 2, pp. 5–9.
Fomin G.P. Identification and classification of risks in trade. Vestnik rossiyskogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta im. G.V. Plekhanova, 2019, no. 1, pp. 154–161.
Pujawan N., Geraldin L.H. House of risk: A model for proactive supply chain risk management. Business Process Management Journal, 2009, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 953–967.
Thakkar J., Deshmukh S.G., Gupta A.D., Shankar R. Selection of Third-Party Logistics (3PL): A Hyrbrid Approach Using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) and Analytical Network Process (ANP). An International Journal of Supply Chain, 2005, vol. 6, pp. 32–46.
Attri R., Dev N., Sharma V. Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) approach: An Overview. Research Journal of Management Sciences, 2013, vol. 2, pp. 3–8.
Postnikov V.M., Spiridonov S.B. Approach to calculation of weighting coefficients of expert’s rank assessments when selecting a development option for an information system. Nauka i obrazovanie: nauchnoe izdanie MGTU im. N.E. Baumana, 2013, no. 8, pp. 395–412.
Akatov N.B., Popov V.L., Tashkinov A.G. Development of a technique of assessment of efficiency projects of development of a production system of the enterprise within integrated technology of management. Ekonomika i predprinimatelstvo, 2016, no. 12-2, pp. 900–907.
Varshapetian A., Semenova E. Aspects of integration management methods. International Journal for Quality Research, 2015, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 481–494.