THE ESTIMATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THE DESIGN-ENGINEERING PREPRODUCTION AT A MACHINE BUILDING ENTERPRISE
Currently, the research on the efficiency of a machine-building enterprise plays a very important role. The cutting of production cost and the growth of competitiveness of production can be achieved through the reduction of design-engineering preproduction cycle. The efficiency of the whole enterprise depends on the level of preparation for each stage of production. The efficiency of separate stages of production is often not evaluated, what is, according to the authors, a deficiency.
To eliminate this defect, the authors developed the methodology for estimating the efficiency of design-engineering preproduction, which allows studying its separate stages and identifying the parameters to be improved. The methodology includes the expert assessment of the efficiency according to the developed criteria, the combining of the obtained parameters in a single index and the construction of radar. The analysis of the obtained results allows determining the directions for improving the efficiency of the design-engineering preproduction and developing measures to eliminate the identified problems.
The authors applied the methodology to estimate the efficiency of the design-engineering preproduction of a production center of engineering workshop of a machine-building enterprise. As a result of the research, the authors identified that principally it is necessary to accelerate the document flow between engineering services participating in design-engineering preproduction and to increase the labor productivity of engineers. To eliminate these problems, the authors proposed a comprehensive solution which will allow implementing the electronic document flow and advancing the engineering services’ automation.
The introduction of the PDM-system facilitates data transmission between the departments of an enterprise and the access to the information necessary to work in various program systems. Moreover, the application of PDM-system enhances the interaction of the departments, reduces paperwork, and improves management efficiency.