THE APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGIES OF ELECTRIC ENERGY INDUSTRIAL STORAGE AS THE INSTRUMENTS OF PRICE-DEPENDENT ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN RUSSIA
One of the modern areas of energy saving and energy efficiency improvement implemented in most countries of the world is the development of the concept of management of the demand for electricity consumption, which is implemented through the price-dependent power consumption mechanisms at the level of final consumers of electricity. The purpose of this paper is to study the possibilities of using industrial energy storage systems as a tool for price-dependent electricity consumption in the context of electricity purchase within the mechanisms of the wholesale and retail electricity markets of Russia. The paper analyzes special aspects of the formation of configurations of demand schedules for electricity consumption by the industrial enterprises with the conclusions about the technological complexity of performing price-dependent power consumption management by changing the configuration of work of the power-consuming equipment. Based on the analysis of possibilities of using industrial electricity storage systems, the author made the conclusions about the application of systems in the process of price-dependent power consumption management without a significant change in the technology of the company’s internal processes. Based on the example of the application of the industrial electricity storage system, the paper calculated the economic efficiency of the technology application for all key components of the electricity cost. According to the calculation results, the cost of purchasing electricity for an industrial enterprise decreased by 43.2 % from the basic cost option, which shows the efficiency of using industrial storage systems as the tools for price-dependent power consumption. The calculation of the parameters of investment costs required for the purchase and installation of an industrial energy storage system showed that the simple payback period is 1.93 years, which emphasizes the expediency of attracting investments to use the industrial energy storage system as a part of the day-to-day operating activities of industrial enterprises and large energy resources consumers in Russia.