THE DYNAMICS OF INDICATORS OF LIVING STANDARDS OF THE POPULATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

  • Rimma Makmunovna Shaidullina Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, branch in Oktyabrsky
Keywords: the Republic of Bashkortostan, social state, living standard, human development index, education index, life expectancy index, real income

Abstract

Regional problems of improving the quality of life of the population are relevant in present-day conditions as they are interrelated with the social and economic development of the country as a whole. Each subject of the Russian Federation due to its social and economic potential has the specifics in improving the level and quality of life of the population. The paper considers the current state of the level and quality of life of the population of the Republic of Bashkortostan, analyzes the indicators characterizing the life level of the population of the RF subject under the study; studies their dynamics, determines the factors influencing the dynamics of indicators. The author describes the concept and the essence of the method of evaluation of the living standard of the population – the calculation of the human development index (HDI), identifies the main indicators of the population’s living standard; carries out the comparative analysis of the HDI of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Bashkortostan. The analysis of the HDI dynamics demonstrated the weakening of Bashkortostan position in the ranking of regions. The negative changes are observed among all the components of human potential. The slowdown in the HDI growth in the republic is explained by such factors as low wages, loss of interest in the development of human capital and motivation for labor productivity improvement, the commercialization of health care and education, and insufficient rates of their modernization. In this paper, the author proposes the key points of the social and economic policy on the improvement of living standards of the population in the analyzed region.

Author Biography

Rimma Makmunovna Shaidullina, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, branch in Oktyabrsky

PhD (Pedagogy), assistant professor of Chair of Humanities and Socio-Economic Sciences

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Published
2019-03-30
Section
Economical Sciences