ISSUES OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ELECTRIC POWER COMPLEX AND ENERGY TRANSITION PROCESS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Abstract: The paper discusses the issues of increasing the energy efficiency of the industry, ensuring reliable and high-quality supply of electric energy, improving the economic and financial activities of electric power enterprises through the use of mechanisms for the innovation activity development and digitalization of production processes, transmission, distribution and sale of electric energy. Based on logical and statistical methods, the current state of the electric power complex has been analyzed. The analysis reveals the aging of production assets, an increase in the indicators of depreciation of fixed assets, and a fall in the innovative activity of electric power enterprises. The work concludes that one of the factors contributing to the decline in the efficiency of functioning and development of the electric power system of the Russian Federation is the decentralization of production assets and control over production processes. Meanwhile, the analysis has revealed the increase in electrical energy consumption in all federal districts of the Russian Federation which indicates the necessity to find mechanisms for solving this problem. Based on the analysis, the authors of the work suggest that creating network organizations in the power industry which should be based on the interaction of all participants in the technological chain. In its turn, such a network organization will increase not only coordination between the participants of the production process but will ensure the rapid exchange and processing of information, set overall development goals, mobilize and concentrate resources on separate projects, etc. The authors conclude that the proposed measures cannot be implemented without the introduction of digital platforms in the power industry based on the transition of the electric power complex to digital technologies for information exchange, and the creation of a single digital control center within which the information will be accumulated and management decisions will be made.