THE ANALYSIS OF MACRO-, MESO - AND MICRO-LEVEL FACTORS DETERMINING THE DYNAMICS OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY AT THE PRODUCTION ENTERPRISES
The transition of the country’s economy to the path of innovative development creates the prerequisites for the growth of labor productivity at the industrial enterprises. The high level of labor productivity gives enterprises the opportunity to create products with the least costs for material and labor resources, thereby increasing the production profitability and the size of the profits earned.
The level of labor productivity of an enterprise depends on a variety of factors influencing its dynamics both positively and negatively. The paper substantiates the necessity to classify the factors affecting the dynamics of labor productivity, their distribution into groups and determining the role of each group of factors in changing labor productivity for the purposes of the most qualified management of its level at the industrial enterprises.
The author considered the nature of influence of factors of macro-, meso- and micro-level on the changes in labor productivity, carried out the analysis of the existing in the economic literature classifications and scientific approaches to the grouping of factors, both external in respect to an enterprise and intra-productive, affecting the dynamics of labor productivity. According to the results of the analysis, it is concluded that each of the classifications considered is to some extent conditional and has a subjective nature.
Based on the analysis and systematization of classifications existing in the economic literature, the author proposes a classification of factors of labor productivity growth consisting of six groups of factors. The following criteria underlying this classification are selected: the level of action of factors, their manageability, the ability to be controlled, the degree of predictability, the absence or presence of their connection with the work activity of the company’s employees.
The author considered in details each of the groups of factors of the classification to determine the nature and direction of their influence on the labor productivity dynamics and emphasized the priority role of intra-productive factors in the improvement of labor productivity. The paper contains the recommendations on practical use and adaptation of the proposed classification of productivity growth factors to the working conditions of industrial enterprises.
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