SOME ASPECTS OF SOCIAL REHABILITATION OF PAROLEES FROM PLACES OF DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA)
Keywords:grant of parole, social rehabilitation, social adaptation, exemption from punishment, conditions of serving a sentence
Recently, the problem of the high level of recidivism in Russia is very important, including recidivism among the parolees. It is a peculiarity of crime in the Republic of Buryatia as well. The paper presents the statistical data and describes the judicial practice for the past years for the country and for Buryatia, based on which the authors concluded on the problem of social rehabilitation of parolees. The analysis of 483 decisions of courts of the Republic on the grant of parole for 2018 showed in what circumstances the applications for the grant of parole are allowed the most frequently. The authors conclude on the existence of a rather token approach to the release from the places of deprivation of liberty. The inquiry conducted among the executors of law and the convicts in the correctional facilities demonstrated the existence of problems with measures for social rehabilitation of individuals both when staying in the correctional facilities and after the release. The authors draw attention to the fact that the courts all over the country and in Buryatia as well, scarcely consider the applications for canceling early release due to the absence of special institutional bodies according to Article 79 of the RF Criminal Code. The paper says that Russia has successful experience in social rehabilitation. The authors conclude on the necessity of a law, which will ensure the exercise of parolees’ rights for social assistance. The authors identified the necessity to join efforts of various authorities for work with parolees to control their social rehabilitation within the common process of prophylaxis. The study proves the obligatoriness of special service for the control of parolees.